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Ratified international instrumentsJordan has ratified the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on June 11th 2009.    
National law to fight THBThe country has adopted the Anti-Human Trafficking Law No.(9) of 2009 that was amended in 2021.    
National Strategy and Action Plan to fight THBThe Jordanian government has previously implemented the 2019-2022 National Anti-Trafficking Strategy and drafted a 2023-2026 National Strategy.  
National body in charge of coordinating measures to fight against THBThe Anti-Human Trafficking National Committee was established in accordance with the Article 4 and 5 of the Law to Combat Trafficking in Persons No. (9) of 2009. The Committee duties include outlining the general policy and plans regarding trafficking in persons and supervising its implementation, coordinating and cooperating with official and non-official entities, raising awareness and issuing a national guide related to its work for publication.  
National Referral Mechanism (NRM)Jordan has established a National Referral Mechanism (NRM) that follows a five-stage procedure to deal with victims of trafficking in human beings, which include, the identification of potential victims, the sheltering, protection and assistance, the investigation and litigation (formal and legal identification), the voluntary return of human trafficking victims and finally the reintegration.   The relevant entities composed of ministries, national bodies such as the Anti-Human Trafficking Unit and National Center of Human Rights, labor organizations, borders passing points, embassies, civil society and hotlines, are provided with a list of indicators in order to identify potential victims of trafficking.   Once identified, the victim is then referred to a safe space, which usually is a shelter dedicated to human trafficking victims, and is provided with the required protection and assistance according to the assessment needs. The orientation and assistance of the victim is made in coordination with all relevant referring entities. Services provided to the victim include advice and legal assistance, medical, psychological assistance, social support, rehabilitation, and training.   The Anti-Human Trafficking Unit collects evidence and conducts primary interviews with the potential victim to prove or refute the existence of a human trafficking case. If it is in fact a case of trafficking, the victim is referred to the public prosecution, then to the Competent Judiciary Institution (Judiciary Council). In this regard, the Anti-Human Trafficking Law No. 9 of (2009) and its amendments stipulate that the competent authorities, wherever possible, must guarantee the victim a set of rights, including providing the opportunity, at all stages of inference, investigation and trial, to clarify his/her status, identify and classify him/her, and to identify his/her identity, nationality and age to ensure that the victim is kept safe from the perpetrators.   If the victim is a foreigner, measures must be taken to assist the victim and enable him/her to voluntary return to hid/her country of origin. Measures are also taken to socially reintegrate the victim as a member of the community.   For further information about the Jordanian NRM, the list of indicators and the different forms, click here.  
US State Department TIP reportThe US State Department has classified Jordan as a Tier 2 Watch List for in its 2023 report of Trafficking in Persons. The report can be found here.  

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