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Ratified international instrumentsEgypt has ratified the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, on March 5th, 2004.    
National law to fight THBThe country has adopted Law No. (64) of 2010 regarding Combating Human Trafficking as well as Law No. 82 for 2016 On Combating Illegal Migration & Smuggling of Migrants.  
National Strategy and Action Plan to fight THBThe Egyptian government has previously implemented the 2016-2021 National Strategy for Combating and Preventing Trafficking in Persons and has approved the 2022-2026 National Strategy in September 2022.  This third National Strategy is structured around the 4P. It focuses on strengthening the Prevention by raising public awareness and supporting Development, reinforces the Prosecution of the crime of Trafficking in Human Beings, ensures the effectiveness of the Protection framework towards the victims of trafficking, and further develops partnerships with the different stakeholders. The National Strategy plans can be found here.  
National body in charge of coordinating measures to fight against THBA National Coordinating Committee for Combating and Preventing Illegal Migration and Trafficking in Persons (NCCPIM &TIP) was formally established on January 23, 2017 by Prime Minister Decree No. 192 of 2017. The Committee is responsible for coordinating policies, plans, programs and raising awareness to combat and prevent Illegal Migration and Trafficking in Human Beings at the national and international levels.  
National Referral Mechanism (NRM)Egypt has established a National Referral Mechanism (NRM) that follows a four-stage procedure to deal with victims of Trafficking in Human Beings, which include, the Identification of Victims, the Monitoring and Referral, the Investigation and Follow-up and finally the Victim’s Accommodation and Programs for Rehabilitation and Reintegration into the society.   The Egyptian NRM provides for a human trafficking Complaint Receipt System to ensure the identification of victims of Trafficking in Human Beings. The Complaint Receipt system comprises on the one hand, three councils, each responsible for dealing with a specific category of victims. The National Council for Human Rights (NCHR) works on receiving complaints of the crime of trafficking from male victims, The National Council for Childhood and Motherhood (NCCM) deals with child victims of trafficking and The National Council for Women (NCW), works with women victims of trafficking. On the other hand, the Ministry of Manpower represent the initial identification of Forced Labour Victims. The NRM further strengthen the role of the law enforcement bodies, which are the Ministry of Interior, Public Prosecution, and the Egyptian Administrative Control Authority to ensure that they combat trafficking in human beings, prosecute the perpetrators, conduct the necessary investigations, protect and guard the victims.   Finally, the Ministry of Social Solidarity and Ministry of Health are in charge of providing services to victims of trafficking to ensure a rapid response and provide them the necessary support for their recovery. The services are stipulated in Article 22 of Law No. 64 of 2010, which declares the state shall guarantee the victim’s protection and work on creating proper conditions for their assistance regarding health, psychological, educational and social care, and rehabilitation. It should be noted that the Egyptian Ministry of Foreign Affairs is responsible for dealing with Egyptian victims abroad and Foreign Victims of Trafficking in Human Beings on Egyptian soil.  
US State Department TIP reportThe US State Department has classified Egypt as a Tier 2 Watch List for in its 2023 report of Trafficking in Persons. The report can be found here.  

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