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The League of Arab States is a regional organization of Arab states in the Middle East and North Africa, established in Cairo on March 22, 1945, following the adoption of the Alexandria Protocol in 1944. Its aim is to be a regional organization of Arab states with a focus on economic development, dispute resolution, and the coordination of political objectives.

The Arab League is involved in various international projects to combat human trafficking and has also developed regional initiatives to address this phenomenon. The Arab Charter on Human Rights, which came into effect in 2008, prohibits the trafficking of human organs and trafficking for “medical experimentation” purposes (Article 9). Furthermore, Article 10 prohibits “all forms of slavery and human trafficking.” According to Article 48, states have the duty to “submit reports to the Secretary-General of the League of Arab States on the measures they have taken to give effect to the rights and freedoms recognized in the Charter.”

In 2005, the Arab Council of Ministers of Justice and, in 2006, the Arab Council of Ministers of the Interior adopted the Arab Guidance Law on Human Trafficking (model law to combat the crime of human trafficking), which follows the definition of trafficking contained in the United Nations Protocol (Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime). It provides principles and assistance to countries in drafting national legislation against trafficking.

Key Instruments related to human trafficking :

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